Dominicus Barrière

by sarahkburke

Engraved half title, featuring a vignette of the Pamphili family arms.

Dominicus Barrière, Villa Pamphilia eiusque palatium, cum suis prospectibus, statuae, fontes, vivaria, theatra, areolae, plantarum, viarumque ordines, cum eiusdem villae absoluta delineatione. Rome: Io. Iocabi de Rubeis, between 1655 and 1680.

The Pamphili were a Roman dynasty.  Giovanni Battista Pamphili (1574-1655) became Pope Innocent X in 1644.  His nephew, Camillo Pamphili (1622-1666), was a Cardinal.  The Villa Pamphili was a magnificent Roman villa built over the 16th and 17th centuries.

Pamphiliae Villae Prospectus Secundus Austrum Excipiens a Meridie

The villa’s gardens featured a collection of sculpture displayed in architectural niches and throughout the grounds.  Dominicus Barrière (d. 1678)—one of the preeminent architectural draftsmen in Rome—was commissioned to draw and engrave views of the Villa Pamphili and a number of its statues.

Statue of Cybele

The book includes 76 illustrations of statuary by Barrière and illustrations of the villa and fountains by Giovanni Battista Falda, a printmaker known for his illustrations of fountains and gardens.

Columbae Pamphyliae Fons

Barrière and his assistants created copper plates (some of which survive) in the 1650s.  The present book was likely produced in the 1660s, after the death of Camillo Pamphili, at which point Falda’s images of fountains and gardens were added.

Pamphilia Villae Prospectus Quintus ad Meridiem Directus

The gardens also included “natural” areas with groves and a zoological collection.  The above image, for example, shows elements of the Roman countryside (cows, a hunt, fishing, a boy with a flute, even a tent in the upper right) that have been incorporated into this urban garden.

Q: Who is Io. Iocabi de Rubeis

A: Take another look at that name.  It’s the publisher and print dealer Giovanni Giacomo de’ Rossi (see previous entry).